3.1 Publications

The great majority of Greek scientific publications were published by the following three institution categories: “Universities”, “Research Centers supervised by the General Secretariat for Research and Technology” (henceforth, “RC-GSRT”) and “Public Hospitals”. These are followed (ranked by number of publications) by the “Technological Educational Institutes” (henceforth, ‘‘TEIs’’), “Other Public Research Institutions”, “Private Health Institutions”, “Enterprises”, “Private non-for Profit Institutions”, “Other Education Institutions”, and “Other Public Institutions” (Figure 3.1.1).

For the year 2014, Universities published 9,568 publications. ‘‘RC-GSRT’’ ranked second with 1,594 publications, following a ten-year period of sustained increase. “Public Hospitals” were third with 1,221 publications slightly decreasing since 2011. ‘‘TEIs’’ published 625 publications in 2014, while “Other Public Research Institutions” contributed 533 publications.


Figure 3.1.1


Viewed in comparison with base year (2000: 100), while all institution categories have been recording a steady increase, during the last years (since 2012) this has been slightly toned down. For some (“Other Education Institutions”, ‘‘TEIs’’, “Private Health Institutions”) the trend has reversed (Figure 3.1.2). 

Figure 3.1.2



Figure 3.1.3 presents the share of the total number of Greek publications per institution category for the latest five year period, 2010-2014. “Universities” ranked first with a share of 83.5%. They were followed by “RC-GSRT’’ (13.8%), “Public Health Institutions” (11.2%) and “TEIs” (5.5%). The remaining institution categories have shares lower than 5%.  


Figure 3.1.3




As demonstrated in the Methodology (Annex Ι), each institution category received a whole count of the publication (whole counting) for publications produced as a result of collaboration between institutions in different institution categories. The (%) share of publications by institution category was calculated as a proportion of the total number of Greek publications (Figure 3.1.3) and indicated the degree of “participation” of each category to Greece’s total publication output. Hence, in the case of Universities, a share of 82.5% would mean that Universities participated in 82.5% of the total number of Greek publications.